OAB (Overactive Bladder) is a name given to a group of troubling urinary symptoms, the major symptom being the sudden, strong and uncontrollable urge to urinate. Living with OAB may also include leaking urine after feeling the sudden urge to go, often times referred to as urgency incontinence. This occurrence should be differentiated, though, from stress urinary incontinence, which involves leaking urine while sneezing, laughing or doing a physical activity. OAB may also involve frequent urination, a need to go to the rest room more than 8 times during a single day and waking nights just to urinate more than once.
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OAB happens when the nerve signals between the bladder and brain tell the bladder to empty even when it is not actually full or when the bladder muscles become too active, contracting to pass urine before it is full, causing a sudden and strong need to urinate, known as urgency.
The risk for OAB symptoms increases with age, Greater risk for OAB come to women who have gone through menopause and men who have had prostrate problems. These symptoms are further increased by eating a diet rich in bladder irritating food and drinks such as caffeine, alcohol and highly spiced foods.
OAB management include several available treatments such as behavioural therapy or lifestyle changes, medications to relax the bladder muscle and prevent it from contracting at the wrong times, neuro-modulation therapy for delivery of harmless electrical impulses to nerves to change how they work and botox injections into the bladder muscle to keep it from contracting too often.
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Talking with a healthcare professional may help people who believe they may have OAB, which can also be a result of a UTI (Urinary Tract Infection), which is an illness that causes damage to nerves, sometimes a side effect of taking a medication.